Diabetes is a lifelong condition that affects how the body uses blood sugar or blood glucose, which is the main source of fuel. If someone has diabetes, it means he or she has too much glucose in the blood, which can lead to serious health issues.
There are two main types of diabetes, type 1 and type 2. Type 2 develops when the body is able to make insulin, but not in sufficient quantities or when that insulin does not work properly; also known as insulin resistance. Think of insulin as a key that unlocks the body’s cells; if there isn’t enough of it, those cells don’t open up and glucose builds up in the bloodstream.
Type 2 diabetes is far more common than type 1 diabetes, accounting for some 90% of cases.
It usually appears in both men and women over the age of 40. However, it is becoming increasingly more common in adolescents and children. People with type 2 diabetes can often live long, productive lives by controlling their blood sugar levels, getting the right amount of exercise, medication and living a healthy lifestyle.
Why monitor blood sugar levels anyway? Diabetes cannot be cured, but it can be managed successfully with regular healthcare and a proactive approach. Having been diagnosed, many individuals find that they must change their lifestyle, take medication and eat differently. These changes include monitoring blood sugar levels throughout the day. They key to living with diabetes is ensuring that blood sugar levels stay as normal as possible.
Type 2 diabetes is a progressive condition, which is why monitoring blood sugar levels is so critical. For most individuals, a healthy blood sugar range is between 90 and 130mg/dl before eating. An hour or two after eating the level should be about 180mg/dl.
Keeping a record of blood sugar levels throughout the day can help people make informed decisions on how to best manage the disease. Regular monitoring can help determine if the current course of treatment is effective or if changes are required in terms of medication, activity or diet. Remember, if diabetes goes unmanaged, a host of complications could arise, which affect nearly every part of the body, including the heart and blood vessels, eyes, kidneys, nerves gums and teeth.
So, how can blood sugar be controlled?
There are a number of ways to effectively manage blood sugar levels; supplements and medication play a big role. For those with high blood sugar, alpha lipoic acid is a supplement that helps maintain normal levels. In terms of medication, before going out to buy januvia online or any other diabetes drug, always be sure to discuss the various options with a medical professional, as there may be unpleasant interactions.
One of the best ways of controlling blood sugar levels is to exercise regularly; around 20 to 30 minutes per day is recommended. It only takes a couple of days of missed workouts or poor eating to affect a person’s insulin resistance, so physical activity is critical.
A change of diet is another good way of controlling blood sugar levels. Because blood sugar often drops between meals, stick to eating small, healthy meals every two to three hours. This will prevent sugar binges and unnecessary snacking throughout the day. However, it may be impossible to completely eliminate snacking, so focus on healthier items, like pumpkin or sunflower seeds that won’t impact blood sugar, but are high in magnesium, which helps fight insulin resistance. It also makes sense to skip sugary sports drinks, sodas, desserts and junk food.